Greece and Athens info

 

GREECE AT A GLANCE

Capital city: Athens

Official language: Greek

Currency: EUR (€)

Time zone: GTM +2

Calling code: +30

Climate: Mediterranean

Population: 10,815,197 (2011 estimate)

Central Airport: Athens International Airport

Main cities: Thessaloniki, Patra, Larissa, Herakleion, Volos

Located in southeastern Europe and at the meeting point of three continents – Europe, Asia and Africa – Greece borders Bulgaria and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Fyrom) to the north, Albania to the northwest and Turkey to the northeast. The western borders are formed by the Ionian Sea, the southern by the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern borders by the Aegean Sea.

_DSC4594Greece consists of:

  • A peninsular mainland (extending from the southern region of Central Greece to the northern region of Thrace)
  • The Peloponnesian peninsula that is separated from the mainland by the Corinth Canal
  • An archipelagos of approximately 6,000 islands and islets, scattered in the Aegean and Ionian Sea, of which 227 are inhabited. Most of them are located in the Aegean Sea and divided into seven clusters: Northern Aegean islands, Sporades, Evia, Argosaronic islands, Cyclades, Dodecanese and Crete. The Heptanese cluster is located in the Ionian Sea.

Greece in numbers

  • 131,957 km2 – the total area of Greece
  • 13,676 km – length of Greece’s coastline, according to the CIA World Factbook, 7,500km of which surround the thousands of islands in the Greek archipelago
  • 80% of the country consists of mountains or hills, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe.

 

WEATHER

Greece is a country with long periods of sunshine throughout the year and is_DSC3274 characterised by a having a typical Mediterranean climate: mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers.

Climatologically, the year in Greece is divided in two seasons:

  • The warm season (April–mid-October), characterised by sunshine, high temperatures and seasonal winds, mostly found in the Aegean during August (known as meltemia).
  • The winter season (mid-October-March), when the average temperatures range, depending on the geographic region, between 0-10°C (even below 0°C in northern regions). The weather is limited to mild snowfall and rainfall of short duration, often interrupted by sunny days

(Source: Hellenic Meteorological Service: www.hnms.gr)

 

ATHENS (Capital)

Pedestrian walk by the AcropolisGEO Coordinates: 38:01:36N 23:44:00E

Altitude: 91m/300 ft above sea level

Population: 4,157,858 (2012 Census)

Climate: Mediterranean. 250 avg. days of sunshine. Wettest month is December, coldest January. The dryest July and the hottest August.

EnglishItaly